How to conjugate Catalan verbs

Conjugating verbs in Catalan might look like a task you will never master, however with a few simple rules you will easily get a grasp of it fast.

Let’s explore the 4 fundamental tenses in Catalan: present, past, future, and imperfect.
It’s worth noting that additional tenses contribute to fluency, but for now, let’s see if you can familiarize yourself with them by examining this table.

Catalan language contains a lot of regular verbs. Which means that each one that fall under this category is conjugated in the exact same way, according to the exact same pattern. Visualise the pattern will most likely help you to overlook the rules in chaos.

Form the stem of Catalan verbs

To form the stem you must follow these simple rules:

For AR verbs:

stem = verb – ar

ER/RE verbs:

stem = verb – er/re

DRE verbs:

stem = verb – dre

URE verbs:

stem = verb – ure

IR verbs:

stem = verb – ir

Use the following regular Catalan verbs to practice using the conjugation patterns for the present, past, future, and imperfect tense:
“Parlar” (to speak) as the 1st conjugated verb. It is an AR verb and therefore the stem is Parl.
“Riure” (to laugh) as the 2nd conjugated verb. It is a RE verb and therefore the stem is Riu.
and “Sentir” (to feel) as the 3rd conjugated verb. It is a IR verb and therefore the stem is Sent.

Conjugate the Catalan present tense

Conjugate the Catalan present tense in the following way:

-1st verbs
jo stem + o
tu stem + es
ell stem + a
nosaltres stem + em
vosaltres stem + eu
ells stem + en

-2nd verbs

jo stem + o/c
tu stem + s/us
ell stem + -/u
nosaltres stem + em/vem/iem
vosaltres stem + eu/veu/ieu
ells stem + en/uen

-3rd verbs

jo stem + o
tu stem + s
ell stem + –
nosaltres stem + im
vosaltres stem + iu
ells stem + en

Although a regular Catalan verb falling under the 3rd verb conjugation could also be conjugated in the following way:

jo stem + eixo
tu stem + eixes
ell stem + eix
nosaltres stem + im
vosaltres stem + iu
ells stem + eixen

Conjugate the Catalan past tense

Conjugate the Catalan past tense in the following way:

-1st verbs

jo stem + í
tu stem + ares
ell stem + à
nosaltres stem + àrem
vosaltres stem + àreu
ells stem + aren

-2nd verbs

jo stem + í/guí
tu stem + eres/gueres
ell stem + é/gué
nosaltres stem + érem/guérem
vosaltres stem + éreu/guéreu
ells stem + eren/gueren

-3rd verbs

jo stem + í
tu stem + ires
ell stem + í
nosaltres stem + írem
vosaltres stem + íreu
ells stem + iren

Conjugate the Catalan future tense

Conjugate the Catalan future tense in the following way:

-1st verbs

jo stem + aré
tu stem + aràs
ell stem + arà
nosaltres stem + arem
vosaltres stem + areu
ells stem + aran

-2nd verbs

jo stem + ré/dré/uré
tu stem + ràs/dràs/uràs
ell stem + rà/drà/urà
nosaltres stem + rem/drem/urem
vosaltres stem + reu/dreu/ureu
ells stem + ran/dran/uran

-3rd verbs

jo stem + iré
tu stem + iràs
ell stem + irà
nosaltres stem + irem
vosaltres stem + ireu
ells stem + iran

Conjugate the Catalan imperfect tense

Conjugate the Catalan imperfect tense in the following way:

-1st verbs

jo stem + ava
tu stem + aves
ell stem + ava
nosaltres stem + àvem
vosaltres stem + àveu
ells stem + aven

-2nd verbs

jo stem + ia/via
tu stem + ies/vies
ell stem + ia/via
nosaltres stem + íem/víem
vosaltres stem + íeu/víeu
ells stem + ien/vien

-3rd verbs

jo stem + ia
tu stem + ies
ell stem + ia
nosaltres stem + íem
vosaltres stem + íeu
ells stem + ien